What Is In The Beak Of Plague Doctor?
In medieval Europe, for the treatment of plague-infected people hired special plague doctor, who wore a protective set of leather coats, gloves, shoes and hats. The most notable part of their costume was a mask with a beak like a bird. It contained the substance with a strong odor – dried flowers and herbs, spices, camphor or sponge with vinegar, as it was believed that the plague is transmitted through bad “miasma”, which should be muted.
Was Iron Maiden Torture Widely Used In The Middle Ages ?
Iron Maiden – known instrument of torture, is a hollow metal figurine with sharp nails inside, which should cause slow and painful death. It is believed that Iron Maiden was widely used in the Middle Ages, but it is not mentioned in any source before 1793. There is even a speculation that the first Iron Maiden has been specially assembled by museum employees as stylized medieval artifact.
Why The Walls Of Medieval Churches Have Large Holes?
Many Medieval churches in Western Europe were equipped with agioskopy – the holes in the walls through which you can listen to what is happening inside and see the altar. This was done so that the lepers and other patients, as well as excommunicated could see the service and are not deprived of spiritual consolation.
When Beer Was The Most Popular Drink In Europe?
In medieval Europe, especially northern and eastern parts, beer was truly massive drink – it was used by people of all classes and ages. For example, in England, beer consumption per capita reached 300 liters per year, while now the figure is around 100 liters, and a little more than 150 liters in the Czech Republic. The main reason for this was the poor quality of water, eliminating in the process of fermentation.
Why Mona Lisa Had Her Hair On The Forehead Shaved And Eyebrows Plucked?
In Western Europe in the 15th century there was an ideal woman: S-shaped silhouette, curved back, a round pale face with a high forehead clean. To be closer to the ideal women shaved forehead hair and had their eyebrows plucked – just like the Mona Lisa in the famous painting by Leonardo.
Why Were Spices Very Expensive In The Medieval Europe?
In medieval Europe, every year people were getting ready for the winter by slaughtering their cattle and preparing meat supplies. If the meat is simply salted, it loses its original flavor, but use of spices, mainly brought from Asia, helped to save the meat intact. But as the Turks monopolized almost all of the spice trade, the prices were exorbitant. This factor was one of the reasons for the rapid development of navigation and the beginning of the era of great geographical discoveries.
Why The Stairs In The Towers Of The Medieval Castle Were Twisted Clockwise?
Spiral staircases in the towers of medieval castles were built clockwise. This was done so that in case of a siege of the castle tower defenders had the advantage during the melee, as the most powerful right-hander can be applied only from right to left, which was not available to the attacker. However, if most of the men in the family were left-handed, they built castles on the back of a twist – such as graphs Wallenstein castle in Germany or Ferniherst Castle in Scotland.
When The Courts Accused Could Animals?
In the Middle Ages it was not uncommon for courts to hold trials where animals were defendants. It was conducted by all the rules – with prosecutors, lawyers and witnesses. Defendants could be any of the large domestic animals to locusts and beetles. Pets or domesticated animals were usually tried for witchcraft and sentenced to death, while the wild animals could be tried for sabotage and sentenced to be excommunicated or ordered to leave the country. Last cow with such a sentence was handed down in 1740.